Chapter One 文章开头句型 1-1 对立法 ： 先引出其他人的不同看法，然后提出自己的看法或者偏向于某一看法， 适用于有争议性的主题. 例如（e.g） . When asked about。
.., the vast/overwhelming majority of people say that 。
. But I think/view a bit differently. . When it comes to 。. , some people believe that 。
. Others argue/claim that the opposite/reverse is true . There is probably some truth in both arguments /statements , but (I tend to the former/latter 。
) . Now, it is commonly/generally/widely believed/held/acknowledged that 。. They claim/ believe/argue that 。
But I wonder/doubt whether。.. 1-2 现象法 引出要剖析的现象或者问题， 然后评论 . e.g . Recently the rise in problem of/(phenomenon of) 。
has cause/aroused public/popular/wide/ worldwide concern. . Recently the issue of the problem of/the phenomenon of 。has been brought into focus. ( has been brought to public attention) .Inflation/Corruption/Social inequality 。
is yet another of the new and bitter truth we have to learn to face now/constantly. ----- To be continued !! 1-3 观点法 ----开门见山，直接了当地提出自己对要讨论的问题的看法. e.g: . Never history has the change of .. been as evident as 。 Nowhere in the world/China has the issue/idea of .. been more visible/popular than。
. Now people in growing/significant numbers are beginning/coming to realize/accept/(be aware) that。 . Now there is a growing awareness/recognition of the necessity to。
Now people become increasingly aware/conscious of the importance of 。
. Perhaps it is time to have a fresh look at the attitude/idea that。
. 1-4 引用法 ----- 先引出名人名言或者有代表性的看法， 来引出文章要展开论述的观点！ e.g: . "Knowledge is power." such is the remark made by Bacon. This remark has been shared by more and more people . "Education is not complete with graduation." Such is the opinion of a great American philosopher. Now more and more people share his opinion. ."。
" How often we hear such statements/words like those /this . In our own days we are used to hearing such traditional complains as this "。
". 1-5 比较法 ------ 通过对过去，现在 两种不同的倾向，观点的比较 ， 引出文章要讨论的观点. e.g: . For years, 。had been viewed as 。
But people are taking a fresh look now. With the growing 。 , people 。
. . . People used to think that 。
(In the past, 。.) But people now share this new. 1-6 故事法 ---- 先讲一个较短的故事来引发读者的兴趣， 引出文章的主题. e.g: . Once in (a newspaper) , I read of/learnt 。
. The phenomenon of 。 has aroused public concern. . I have a friend who 。
Should he 。. ? Such a dilemma we are often confront with in our daily life. . Once upon a time, there lived a man who 。
This story may be (unbelievable) , but it still has a realistic significance now. 1-8 问题法 ----- 先用讨论或解答的设问， 引出自己观点， 适用于有争议性的话题. e.g: Should/What 。
? Options of 。 vary greatly , some 。
, others 。 But in my opinion , 。
. Chapter 2 文章中间主体内容句型 原因结果分析 3-1-1. 基本原因 --- 分析某事物时， 用此句型说明其基本的或者多方面的原因. e.g: . Why 。
? For one thing.. For another 。 . The answer to this problem involves many factors. For one thing。
Still another 。 . A number of factors , both physical and psychological affect 。
. /both individual and social contribute to 。. 3-1-2 另一原因 --------> 在分析了基本原因之后， 再补充一个次要的或者更重要时用！ e.g: . Another important factor is 。
. . 。 is also responsible for the change/problem. . Certainly , the 。
is not the sole reason for 。.. 3-1-3 后果影响 --------- 分析某事物可能造成的后果或者带来的影响 . e.g: . It will produce a profound/far-reaching effect/impact on。
. . In involves some serious consequence for 。
.. 比较对照句型 3-2-1. 两者比较 ---> 比较两事物， 要说出其一超过另一个， 或肯定一事物的优点， 也肯定其缺点的时候用 ！ e.g: . The advantages gained from A are much greater than the advantages we gain from B. . Indeed, A carries much weight when compared with B. . There is no doubt that it has its negative effects as well as positive effects. 3-2-2 . 两者相同/相似 ------> 比较两事物共同都有或者共同都没有的特点时用！ e.g: . A and B have several thing in common. They are similar in that。.. . A bears some striking resemblance(s) to B. Chapter Three 文章结尾形式 2-1 结论性--------- 通过对文章前面的讨论 ，引出或重申文章的中心思想及观点 . e.g: . From what has been discussed above, we may safely draw the conclusion that 。
.. . In summary/In a word , it is more valuable 。
. 2-2 后果性------ 揭示。
开头：1 Nowadays more and more people begin to realize(be aware of ,notice) the importance(significance,seriousness)of the problem of XXX （现在越来越多的人开始意识到XXX的重要性） 2 With the rapid development of economy,great changes have taken place in…………（随着经济快速的发展，XXX发生了巨大的变化） 3 Thanks to China's reform and opening-up policy,XXX havewitnessed great economic and social progress in the past two decades飞（由于中国的改革开放政策，XXX在过去的二十年里见证了巨大的社会经济进步） 结尾：1 Both governments and ordinary citizens should join hands to make this world a better place to live in, not only for ourselves,but also for future generations.(F不仅仅是为了我们，更是为了我们的后代，政府和普通公民应该联合起来，是这个世界变成更美好的家园。) 2 Taking into account all these factors, we may reasonably come to the moral that……（全盘考虑所有的因素，我们可以得出这样的教训……） 3 It is urgent that appropriate actions betaken to end…………（采取适当的措施去遏制……是迫切的）。
开门见山，直入正题——在文章的开头就直接点明主题。如作文“I Have a Dream”（《我有一个梦想》）的开头是这样的：
My dream is to be a doctor. And I have never changed my mind till now.
There's a well-known saying “As one coin has two sides everything has its advantages and disadvantages.” Computer games are no exception. It has brought us both advantages and disadvantages.
描述现象，引发主题——这种写法要求先描述一种普遍存在的现象，然后再发表对该现象的看法和观点，从而点明主题。如作文“Say 'No' to Smoking”（《对吸烟说“不”》）的开头：
Nowadays smoking is popular. Even some teenagers smoke. If you ask them “Why do you smoke?” They might answer “It looks cool.” Is it really a cool thing? I'm afraid I can't agree.
陈述人们对讨论话题的不同看法，然后提出自己的观点——引用人们对某一话题不同观点的阐释后，提出自己的看法。如作文“My Best Friend”（《我最要好的朋友》）的开头：
“Best Friend” may have different definitions to different people. A child may regard the ones who always whisper to him as his best friends. The young boys may regard the ones who always play with them as their best friends. To me “Best friend” is the one who I like best and we are faithful to each other.
自问自答，引出主题——这种方式要求针对某话题先提出问题，然后给予解答，通过答案的方式来呈现观点。如作文“What I Want to Be When I Grow Up？”（《我长大了要做什么？》）的开头：
What I Want to Be When I Grow Up? My answer is “an English interpreter”. Why do I hope to become an English interpreter? There are two reasons.
When my seven-year-old brother behaves well in school he will ask for nothing but “KFC” as reward. As a matter of fact we would find it difficult to refuse such attraction of fast food too. But why are they so popular?
To me ,the most interesting thing is。
Time flys. A week has been gone。
XXX is one of my classmates. She 。
In my life, I am。
1. We ' re often told that 。。But is this really the case ?
2. People used to 。。however , things are quite different today .
3.some people think that 。。Others believe that the opposite is true . There is probably some
truth in both sides
But we must realize that 。
4.Recognizing a problem is the first step in finding a solution .
5. It is another new and bitter truth we must learn to face .
6. In short , we must work hard to make the world a better place .
7.Lost time is never found again.
8.Everybody should have a dream.
9.Hope for the best, but prepare for the worst.
10.Failure is the mother of success.
11.Let's look on the bright side.
eyeryone has dream.not only my dream is not only so big as Martin Luther King.Jr.but i think my dream is also very good.i wang to be a teacher when i grow upI think teaching is a great and glorious cause. I would like to devote myself to the cause of teachingi will try my best to finish it.````````````````````````````````````````````````````````````````````````````````````````````````````````````````````每个人都有自己的梦想，虽然我的梦想没有马丁路德金那样的伟大。
6.英语作文 我的初中生活 要有好开头和结尾
因为就在前一天下午，我还参加了小学同学的聚会，玩的都是从小一直在玩儿的游戏呢。 参考译文： Really? I really is already is a junior high school student? When I got the enrollment notice, I daren't even believe my eyes. Because it's just one day before afternoon, I have attended primary school party, play is since the childhood always playing the game. 结尾。
我的初中生活就这么开始了，我想，我的初中生活将会比我的小学生活更有趣，也更有意义。你说呢？ 参考译文：Good. i'm a junior high school student. my junior high school life is so, i think my junior high school life will be better than my school life is more interesting and more sense. you say？ 水平一般，仅供参考。