1.表示原因 1)There are three reasons for this. 2)The reasons for this are as follows. 3)The reason for this is obvious. 4)The reason for this is not far to seek. 5)The reason for this is that。 6)We have good reason to believe that。
例如： There are three reasons for the changes that have taken place in our life.Firstly,people's living standard has been greatly improved.Secondly,most people are well paid, and they can afford what they need or like.Last but not least,more and more people prefer to enjoy modern life. 注：如考生写第一个句子没有把握，可将其改写成两个句子。如：Great changes have taken place in our life. There are three reasons for this.这样写可以避免套用中的表达失误。
2.表示好处 1)It has the following advantages. 2)It does us a lot of good. 3)It benefits us quite a lot. 4)It is beneficial to us. 5)It is of great benefit to us. 例如： Books are like friends.They can help us know the world better,and they can open our minds and widen our horizons.Therefore,reading extensively is of great benefit to us. 3.表示坏处 1)It has more disadvantages than advantages. 2)It does us much harm. 3)It is harmfulto us. 例如： However,everything dividesinto two.Television can also be harmful to us.It can do harm to our health and make us lazy if we spend too much time watching televi- sion. 4.表示重要、必要、困难、方便、可能 1)It is important(necessary,difficult,convenient, possible)for sb.to do sth. 2)We think it necessary to do sth. 3)It plays an important role in our life. 例如： Computers are now being used everywhere,whether in the government,in schools or in business.Soon, computers will be found in every home,too.We have good reason to say that computers are playing an increasingly important role in our life and we have stepped into the Computer Age. 5.表示措施 1)We should take some effective measures. 2)We should try our best to overcome(conquer)the difficulties. 3)We should do our utmost in doing sth. 4)We should solve the problems that we are confronted(faced)with. 例如： The housing problem that we are confronted with is becoming more and more serious.Therefore,we must take some effective measures to solve it. 6.表示变化 1)Some changes have taken place in the past five years. 2)A great change will certainly be produced in the world's communications. 3)The computer has brought about many changes in education. 例如： Some changes have taken place in people's diet in the past five years.The major reasons for these changes are not far to seek.Nowadays,more and more people are switching from grain to meat for protein,and from fruit and vegetable to milk for vitamins. 7.表示事实、现状 1)We cannot ignore the fact that。 2)No one can deny the fact that。
3)There is no denying the fact that。 4)This is a phenomenon that many people are interested in. 5)However,that's not the case. 例如： We cannot ignore the fact that industrialization brings with it the problems of pollution.To solve these problems, we can start by educating the public about the hazards of pollution.The government on its part should also design stricter laws to promote a cleaner environment. 8.表示比较 1)Compared with A,B。
2)I prefer to read rather than watch TV. 3)There is a striking contrast between them. 例如： Compared with cars,bicycles have several advantages besides being affordable.Firstly,they do not consume natural resources of petroleum.Secondly,they do not cause the pollution problem.Last but not least,they contribute to people's health by giving them due physical exercise. 9.表示数量 1)It has increased(decreased)from。to。
2)The population in this city has now increased (decreased)to 800,000. 3)The output of July in this factory increased by 15% compared with that of January. 例如： With the improvement of the living standard,the proportion of people's income spent on food has decreased while that spent on education has increased. 再如： From the graph listed above,itcan be seen that student use of computers has increased from an average of less than two hours per week in 1990 to 20 hours in 2000. 注：“From the graph listed above,it can be seen that”见句式12。考生将句式9和句式12结合在一起，便可较好地写出2002年6月CET -4、6短文写作的第一段。
10.表示看法 1)People have(take,adopt,assume)different attitudes towards sth. 2)People have different opinions on this problem. 3)People take different views 。
一、…the + -est + 名词 + （that） + 主词 + have ever + seen( known/heard/had/read, etc) QYK英语作文网 …the most + 形容词 + 名词 + （that） + 主词 + have ever + seen ( known/heard/had/read, etc) 例句：Helen is the most beautiful girl that I have ever seen. 海伦是我所看过最美丽的女孩。
QYK英语作文网 Mr. Chang is the kindest teacher that I have ever had. QYK英语作文网 张老师是我曾经遇到最仁慈的教师。QYK英语作文网QYK英语作文网*二、Nothing is + -er than to + V ;Nothing is + more + 形容词 + than to + V QYK英语作文网例句：Nothing is more important than to receive education. QYK英语作文网 没有比接受教育更重要的事。
QYK英语作文网QYK英语作文网*三、…cannot emphasize the importance of …too much. （再怎么强调……的重要性也不为过。）例句：We cannot emphasize the importance of protecting our eyes too much. QYK英语作文网 我们再怎么强调保护眼睛的重要性也不为过。
*四、There is no denying that + S + V 。（不可否认的……） 例句：There is no denying that the qualities of our living have gone from bad to worse.QYK英语作文网 不可否认的，我们的生活品质已经每况愈下。
*五、It is universally acknowledged that + 句子…… （全世界都知道……）例句：It is universally acknowledged that trees are indispensable to us. QYK英语作文网 全世界都知道树木对我们是不可或缺的。 *六、There is no doubt that + 句子……（毫无疑问的……） QYK英语作文网例句：There is no doubt that our educational system leaves something to be desired. QYK英语作文网 毫无疑问的我们的教育制度令人不满意。
QYK英语作文网QYK英语作文网七、An advantage of …is that + 句子 （……的优点是……） QYK英语作文网例句：An advantage of using the solar energy is that it won't create (produce) any pollution. QYK英语作文网 使用太阳能的优点是它不会制造任何污染。 八、The reason why + 句子…… is that + 句子 （……的原因是……） QYK英语作文网例句：The reason why we have to grow trees is that they can provide us with fresh air. 我们必须种树的原因是它们能供应我们新鲜的空气。
*九、So + 形容词 + be + 主词 + that + 句子…… （如此……以致于……） 例句：So precious is time that we can't afford to waste it. 时间是如此珍贵，我们经不起浪费它。 十、Adj + as + Subject（主词）+ be, S + V~ （虽然……） QYK英语作文网例句：Rich as our country is, the qualities of our living are by no means satisfactory. (by no means = in no way = on no account =at no time = in no case = in no sense = under no circumstances = not 。
in the least 一点也不)QYK英语作文网 虽然我们的国家富有，我们的生活品质绝对令人不满意。 十一、The + -er + S + V， …the + -er + S + V…QYK英语作文网The + more + Adj + S + V， …the + more + Adj + S + V …（愈……愈……） 例句：The harder you work, the more progress you make. QYK英语作文网 你愈努力，你愈进步。
QYK英语作文网 The more books we read, the more learned we become. QYK英语作文网 我们书读愈多，我们愈有学问。 十二、By +Ving， …can…（借着。
..能够..） 例句：By taking exercise, we can always stay healthy. QYK英语作文网 借着做运动，我们能够始终保持健康。 *十三、…enable + Object（受词）+ to + V （……使……能够……） 例句：Listening to music enable us to feel relaxed. QYK英语作文网 听音乐使我们能够感觉轻松。
*十四、On no account can we + V…（我们绝对不能……） 例句：On no account can we ignore the value of knowledge. QYK英语作文网 我们绝对不能忽略知识的价值。 十五、It is time + S + 过去式 （该是……的时候了） 例句：It is time the authorities concerned took proper steps to solve the traffic problems. QYK英语作文网 该是有关当局采取适当的措施来解决交通问题的时候了。
十六、Those who…（……的人……） 例句：Those who violate traffic regulations should be punished. QYK英语作文网 违反交通规定的人应该受处罚。 *十七、There is no one but…（没有人不……） 例句：There is no one but longs to go to college. QYK英语作文网 没有人不渴望上大学。
*十八、be + forced/compelled/obliged + to + V （不得不……） 例句：Since the examination is around the corner, I am compelled to give up doing sports. QYK英语作文网 既然考试迫在眉睫，我不得不放弃做运动。 *十九、It is conceivable that + 句子 （可想而知的） It is obvious that + 句子 （明显的） QYK英语作文网 It is apparent that + 句子 （显然的） 例句： It is conceivable that knowledge plays an important role in our life. QYK英语作文网 可想而知，知识在我们的一生中扮演一个重要的角色。
二十、That is the reason why…（那就是……的原因） 例句：Summer is sultry. That is the reason why I don't like it. QYK英语作文网 夏天很燠热。那就是我不喜欢它。
1.As far as …is concerned 就……而言
2.It goes without saying that… 不言而喻，…
3.It can be said with certainty that… 可以肯定地说……
4.As the proverb says， 正如谚语所说的，
5.It has to be noticed that… 它必须注意到，…
6.It's generally recognized that… 它普遍认为…
7.It's likely that … 这可能是因为…
8.It's hardly that… 这是很难的……
9.It's hardly too much to say that… 它几乎没有太多的说…
10.What calls for special attention is that…需要特别注意的是
11.There's no denying the fact that…毫无疑问，无可否认
12.Nothing is more important than the fact that… 没有什么比这更重要的是…
13.what's far more important is that… 更重要的是…
1.A case in point is … 一个典型的例子是…
2.As is often the case…由于通常情况下…
3.As stated in the previous paragraph 如前段所述
4.But the problem is not so simple.Therefore 然而问题并非如此简单，所以……
5.But it's a pity that… 但遗憾的是…
6.For all that…对于这一切…… In spite of the fact that…尽管事实……
7.Further, we hold opinion that… 此外，我们坚持认为，…
8.However , the difficulty lies in…然而，困难在于…
9.Similarly, we should pay attention to… 同样，我们要注意…
11.In view of the present station.鉴于目前形势
12.As has been mentioned above…正如上面所提到的…
13.In this respect, we may as well (say) 从这个角度上我们可以说
14.However, we have to look at the other side of the coin, that is… 然而我们还得看到事物的另一方面，即 …
1.I will conclude by saying… 最后我要说…
2.Therefore, we have the reason to believe that…因此，我们有理由相信…
3.All things considered，总而言之 It may be safely said that…它可以有把握地说……
4.Therefore, in my opinion, it's more advisable…因此，在我看来，更可取的是…
5.From what has been discussed above, we may safely draw the conclusion that…通过以上讨论，我们可以得出结论…
6.The data/statistics/figures lead us to the conclusion that…通过数据我们得到的结论是，…
7.It can be concluded from the discussion that
句型（一） such+名词性词组+that… So+形容词/副词+that…——如此……以致…… 例如：（1）She is such a good teacher that we all love her.她是一个好老师，我们都爱她。
（2）It was such a hot day that they didn't go out for a walk as usual.这么热的天气，他们没有像往常一样去散步。 注意点： 1.such+a+形容词+名词+that…，可以改写成：so+形容词+a+名词+that…，例句（1）可以改写成：She is so good a teacher that we all love her. 2.在such+形容词+名词复数或不可数名词+that…结构中，形容词如果是many/few或much/little时，用so不用such，即：so+many/few+可数名词复数+that…，so+much/little+不可数名词+that… （1）There are so many people in the room that I can't get in.房间里人太多，我进不去。
（2）The man has so much money that he can buy a car.那人很有钱，他能买一辆小汽车。 句型（二） There be…，either…or…，neither…nor…，not only…but also… 例如：（1）There is a pen and two pencils in his pencil-box.他的铅笔盒里有一支钢笔和两支铅笔。
（2）Not only you but also I have been to the Great Wall.你和我都没有去过长城。 （3）Either you or I am leaving for Shanghai.要么你去上海，要么我去上海。
（4）Neither you nor he is right.你和他都不对。 （5）Both Jack and Tim are English. Jack和Tim是英国人。
注意点： 当这几个句型连接主语时，谓语动词的人称和数要考虑“就近原则”，对比both…and… 来记忆，both…and…连接主语时视为复数。 句型（三） Enough+名词+to do…——有足够的……做某事 形容词/副词+enough+to do …——足够……做某事 例如：（1）There is enough room to hold these people to have a meeting.有足够的地方容下这些人开会。
（2）The boy is strong enough to carry the heavy box.这个男孩力气够大，能搬动这只箱子。 注意点： enough做副词修饰形容词或副词时，放在所修饰词的后面，句子可以用so…that…句型改写。
例句（2）可以改写为：The boy is so strong that he can carry the heavy box.这个男孩力气很大，能搬动这只箱子。 句型（四） too+形容词/副词+to do…——太……以致不能…… 例如：（1）I was too excited to say a word.我激动得一个字也说不出来。
（2）Tom is too short to reach the apple. Tom太矮了，拿不到那个苹果。 注意点： 这是一个否定句型，不能在不定式前加 not，可以用so…that…结构改写，例如例句（1）可以改写成：I was so excited that I couldn't say a word. 句型（五） So that …——以便/以致…… 例如：（1）They studied hard so that they could pass the exam.他们学习很努力，为了能通过考试。
（2）They started early so that they caught the early bus.他们起得很早，结果赶上了早班车。 注意点： 在例句（1）中，是引导目的状语；在例句（2）中，是引导结果状语。
句型（六） 祈使句+then/or/and+陈述句 例如：（1）Work hard,and/then/and then you will live a happy life.努力工作，你就会过上幸福生活。 （2）Hurry up, or we will be late for school. 快点，否则我们上学就迟到了。
注意点： 以上句型都可以用条件状语从句来改写。例句（2）可以改写成：If we don't hurry up,we'll be late for school. 句型（七） （1）It's time for sth.是干某事的时间了。
It's time (for sb) to do sth.该干某事了。 It's time that sb did sth.该干某事了。
例如：（1） It's time for the meeting.该开会了。 （2）It's time for us to go to school.我们该上学了。
（3）It's high time that you went to bed.你该上床休息了。 注意点： 在句型（3）中，可以在time前加rush、high等修饰词，这个句型是虚拟语气的一种，含有“稍迟一点”的含义。
而（2）则是“正是干某事的时候”。 句型（八） （1）It takes sb. Some time to do sth.干某事花某人一些时间 （2）sb. spend some time on sth./(in) doing sth.某人花时间在某事上/花时间干某事 （3）spend some money on sth./(in) doing sth.花钱在某物上/花钱干某事 （4）sth. cost sb. Some money——某事花某人一些钱 （5）pay some money for sth.为某事（物）付钱 例如：（1）It took me two hours to write the letter.写这封信花了我两小时的时间。
（2）He spends half an hour (in) reading English every morning.他每天早上花半小时读英语。 （3）He spends one hour on the housework every day.他每天花一小时做家务。
（4）The bike cost me 298 yuan.这辆自行车花了我298元。 （5）I spent 298 yuan on the bike.我买这辆自行车花了298 元。
（6）I paid 298 yuan for the bike.我花了298元买这辆自行车。 注意点：cost主语一般为物；spend、pay主语一般为人。
例（1）中it 用做形式主语，动词不定式为真正主语。 句型（九） （1）Why not do…？为什么不干某事？ （2）Let's do …让我们干某事吧。
（3）Shall we do …？我们干某事好吗？ （4）Would you like something/to do sth.…？你想要什么吗？你想要干…吗？ （5）Will you please do …？请你干某事好吗？ （。
1. a big headache令人头痛的事情 2. a fraction of 一部分 3. a matter of concern 焦点 4. a series of 一系列，一连串above all 首先，尤其是 5. absent from不在，缺席 6. abundant in富于 7. account for 解释 8. accuse sb. of sth.控告 9. add to增加（add up to） 10. after all 毕竟，究竟 11. agree with同意 12. ahead of time / schedule提前 13. ahead of 在。
之前（ahead of time 提前） 14. alien to与。相反 15. all at once 突然，同时 16. all but 几乎；除了。
都 17. all of a sudden 突然 18. all over again 再一次，重新 19. all over 遍及 20. all right 令人满意的；可以 21. all the same 仍然，照样的 22. all the time 一直，始终 23. angry with sb. at/about sth.生气，愤怒 24. anxious about/for忧虑，担心 25. anything but 根本不 26. apart from 除。外（有/无） 27. appeal to 吸引，申诉，请求 28. applicable to适用于 29. apply to适用 30. appropriate for/to适当，合适 31. approximate to近似，接近 32. apt at聪明，善于 33. apt to易于 34. around the clock夜以继日 35. as a matter of fact 实际上 36. as a result(of) 因此，由于 37. as a rule 通常，照例 38. as far as 。
be concerned 就。而言 39. as far as 远至，到。
程度 40. as follows 如下 41. as for 至于，关于 42. as good as 和。几乎一样 43. as if 好像，防腐 44. as regards 关于，至于 45. as to 至于，关于 46. as usual 像平常一样，照例 47. as well as 除。
外（也），即。又 48. as well 同样，也，还 49. ashamed of羞愧，害臊 50. aside from 除。
外（还有） 51. ask for the moon异想天开 52. at a loss 茫然，不知所措 53. at a time 一次，每次 54. at all costs 不惜一切代价 55. at all events 不管怎样，无论如何 56. at all times 随时，总是 57. at all 丝毫（不），一点也不 58. at any rate 无论如何，至少 59. at best 充其量，至多 60. at first sight 乍一看，初看起来 61. at first 最初，起先 62. at hand 在手边，在附近 63. at heart 内心里，本质上 64. at home 在家，在国内 65. at intervals 不时，每隔。 66. at large 大多数，未被捕获的 67. at last 终于 68. at least 至少 69. at length 最终，终于 70. at most 至多，不超过 71. at no time 从不，决不 72. at one time 曾经，一度；同时 73. at present 目前，现在 74. at someone's disposal 任。
处理 75. at the cost of 以。为代价 76. at the mercy of 任凭。
摆布 77. at the moment 此刻，目前 78. at this rate 照此速度 79. at times 有时，间或 80. aware of意识到 81. back and forth 来回地，反复地 82. back of 在。后面 83. back up后备，支援 84. bare of几乎没有，缺乏 85. be able to do能够 86. be around差不多 87. be available to sb.可用，可供 88. be bound to一定 89. be capable of doing能够 90. be concerned with 关心…，涉足… 91. be dying to渴望 92. be fed up with受够了be tired of 93. be in hospital 住院 94. be in season 上市的/in peak season旺季 95. be in the mood to do sth. 想做 96. be pressed for time时间不够 97. be tied up with忙于 98. be under the weather 身体不好 99. beat around the bush 拐弯没角 100. beat the crowd 避开人群 101. before long 不久以后 102. behind schedule 误点 103. bent on sth. 下定决心做… 104. beside point 离题的，不相干的 105. beyond one's ability超越某人的能力 106. beyond question 毫无疑问 107. book on reserve 须留的图书 108. booked up 订完了 109. bound for开往 110. break down抛锚 111. break though突破 112. break up with和某人分手be through with / be finished with 113. bring about 使…发生 114. bring someone up to date帮某人赶上help someone catch up 115. by accident 偶然 116. by air 通过航空途径 117. by all means 尽一切办法，务必 118. by and by 不久，迟早 119. by chance 偶然，碰巧 120. by far 最，。
得多 121. by hand 用手，用体力 122. by itself 自动地，独自地 123. by means of 用，依靠 124. by mistake 错误地，无意地 125. by no means 决不，并没有 126. by oneself 单独地，独自地 127. by reason of 由于 128. by the way 顺便说说 129. by virtue of 借助，由于 130. by way of 经由，通过。方法 131. call off取消 132. call on号召，邀请，点某人的名，拜访 133. capable of能够 134. careful of/about/with小心，注意 135. certain of /about确信，肯定 136. chair a meeting 主持会议 137. charge sb. with sth.控告 138. clear of没有，不接触 139. clever at善于 140. close to接近，亲近 141. come in contact with 与…取得联系 142. come out of sth. alive大难不死 143. come up (with)提出，拿出 144. comparable to/with比作/比较 145. conscious of察觉到，意识到 146. consequent on随之而来 147. considerate towards体谅，体贴 148. contemporary with与。
同时代 149. content with满足于 150. contrary to违反 151. cost someone an arm and a leg代价很大 152. count down倒计时 153. count one's chickens before they are hatched过于乐观 154. count on依靠 155. count on依靠 156. count the day期待 157. count the day期待 158. counter to与。相反 159. c。
I went to the zoo with my friends last Sunday.It was hot and sunny that day.It took us about two hours to get there by bus.There were thousands of people in the zoo.We saw lots of animals,such as,pandas,kangaroos,polar bears,gifaffes,elephants,tigers,wolves,snakes and so on.We also saw the elephant show.The elephants were so clever that they could do lots of things like us.At noon we had a picnic in the zoo.And then we thew the rubbish into the dustbin.We didn't go home until 5:00 in the afternoon.Although we were tired,we felt happy。
1 as soon as
3 as…as possible
4 ask sb. for sth.
5 ask/tell sb. (how) to do sth.
6 ask/tell sb. (not) to do sth.
7 be afraid of doing/that
8 be busy doing sth.
9 be famous/late/ready/sorry for…
10 be glad that
11 buy/give/show/bring/lend/send/pass/tell…sth. to sb.
12 buy/give/show/bring/lend/send/pass/tell sb. sth.
14 enjoy/hate/like/finish/stop/mind/keep/go on doing sth.
15 find it + adj to do sth.
16 get + 比较级
17 get ready for/get sth. ready
18 had better (not) do sth.
19 help sb. (to) do/help sb.with
20 i don't think that
21 i would like to /would you like to…？
22 is one of the + 最高级 + n(pl.)…
23 it is +adj. for sb. to do sth.
24 it is a good idea to do sth.
25 it is the second + 最高级 +n.
26 it looks like …/it sounds like …
27 it seems to sb. that…
28 it sounds +adj. /it looks +adj.
29 it takes sb some time. to do sth.
30 it's bad/good for…
31 it's time for…/to do sth.
32 it's two meters (years) long (high, old).
33 keep sb. doing
34 keep/make sth. +adj.
35 like to do / like doing
36 make / let sb.(not) do sth.
38 not…at all
40 one…the other…/some… others…
42 see/hear sb. do(doing) sth.
44 spend…on /(in) doing sth.
45 stop to do /stop doing
46 such a +adj. +n. that…
47 take/bring sth with sb.
48 thank sb for sth.
49 the more…the better
50 there is sth. wrong with…
52 used to
53 what about /how about…？
54 what's the matter with…？
55 what's wrong…？
56 why not…？
57 will (would, could) you please…？
1、Nowadays,it is generally/commonly believed that。, but I wonder that。
Like a coin has two sides, there is a positive aspect and a negative aspect to。
Currently, the issue of 。has been brought to public attention.
Along with the rapid growth of 。,。has become increasingly important in our daily life.
Air pollution and noise pollution caused by automobiles do harm to our health.
1.Obviously television has both advantages and disadvantages. 2.Living in a city has both advantages and disadvantages. 3.Compared with cars,bikes have their advantages and disadvantages. 举一反三： 1.Although computers bring people a lot of convenience,they have many disadvantages. 2。
.has many advantages.For example,。However,just as every coin has two sides,。
has its disadvantages.（本例将利弊分开讲，转折过渡自然。just as every coin has two sides也很值得背诵。）
II。.play(s)an important role /part in。
……在……中扮演重要角色/起重要作用。例如： 1.Computers play an important role in science and technology. 2.Computers play a more and more important role in our life. Computers play an increasingly important role in our studies. 3.Education plays an important part in developing our mind. 4.Addiction to alcohol and drugs play a role in homelessness. 举一反三： 1.Advertisement plays an informative role in our daily life. 2.In the past,letters played a decisive role in long-distance communication.But now ,telephone,email,fax have taken their place. III.With the development of。
随着……的发展，例如： 1.With the development of our economy,m any Chinese families can afford a car. 2.With the development of our economy and society,pollution is more and more serious. 3.With the rapid development of science and technology,people can get a college degree by taking online-courses at home. 4.With the current social and technological developments,employees with more knowledge and higher academic degrees are needed. 举一反三： 1.With the rapid increase of China's population,housing problem is becoming more and more serious. 随着中国人口的急剧增加，住房问题越来越突出。 2.With more and more women entering society,people's attitude towards women is changing. 随着越来越多的妇女走入社会，人们对妇女的态度也在改变。
3.With the deepening of Chinese reform and opening up,an incr。